Produced in an area dubbed as the “Rug Belt”, which includes countries such as Pakistan, India, China, Iran, and Turkey, Oriental rugs are hand-knotted textiles that boast a tremendous variety of unique designs, rich colour combinations, and advanced weaves. They are are an excellent addition to any space that could use some additional allure.
The primary reason why each Oriental rug is unique is that there’s a meaning behind its pattern, weave, colour, and palette – all of which are uniquely linked with the indigenous culture’s past. Other than that, weavers would also add elements in the design of the rugs to record their history.
There are many different types of Oriental rugs, so homeowners who are either first-time or experienced rug buyers may have a hard time deciding on which type of Oriental rug they should get.
Since we want to help everyone learn more about the beauty and splendour of these rugs, we are going to break down some of the most popular Oriental rug types. By the time you’re done reading this article, you’ll fell confident and ready to purchase oriental rugs online.
Let’s get started!
1. Persian Rugs
Considered to be one of the oldest Oriental rugs in the world, Persian rugs are known for their traditional colours (red, blue, and gold, among others), classic motifs (flowers, husks, and pomegranates, among others), high knot counts, and their primary pattern, which is represented by a medallion. The distinct approach in style, colour and design of Persian rugs is what makes it one of the most respected types of Oriental rugs amongst buyers, with certain styles being more popular than the others. Persian rugs are hand-woven in Iran, which is formerly known as Persia.
2. Peshawar Rugs
Peshawar rugs, also known as Chobi rugs, are a traditional style of Pakistani Oriental rug characterized by their rich designs, unique usage of details, as well as their muted colour scheme which complements almost any decoration. Despite their charming antique look, Peshawar rugs are actually newly made rugs that draw inspiration from traditional Persian designs, hence the classical appearance. And just like every other Oriental rug, Peshawar rugs are hand-knotted using a variety of materials, including wool and silk.
3. Kazak Rugs
Originally made in the Caucus, Kazak rugs are gorgeous hand-knotted works of art that is now being crafted by the Afghan Hazara people in Pakistan. These rugs are shorter in comparison to other Oriental rugs because of the antique washing process it undergoes, which gives the rug a beautiful antique finish. Best described as a soft and luxurious type of rug that exudes off a cosy vibe, Kazak rugs are known for their varying geometrical motifs – like tribal medallions, flowers and animals – and usage of fewer field colours – like cream, green, red, and blue.
4. Kashan Rugs
Kashan rugs, also called Persian medallion rugs, are the quintessence of a traditional Persian rug. They have ivory, red and blue colour schemes, fine weaves, curvilinear patterns, high-quality wools, and distinctive ‘medallion-and-corner’ patterns – all of which give the rug type its signature beautiful and striking appearance. Aside from that, Kashan rugs, which are considered to be one of the oldest and finest on the market, come in a vast range of unique silk designs that can make any rug buyer drool.
5. Afghan Rugs
The Afghan rug, which obviously gets its name from its country of origin – Afghanistan, is a hand-woven rug that features its individual colour palette, boasts a range of designs, and uses a diverse set of fabrics. But perhaps the most prominent feature of Afghan rugs is their signature look of strangely elongated human and animal designs. These rugs also have a quality that ranges from medium to coarse in weave.
5. Qashqai Rugs
Characterized by their bold, geometric designs and multitude of alternating colours, Qashqai rugs are the perfect centrepiece for any space. These rugs also feature many different types of medallion layouts, which exist because of the varying origins of the weavers who acquired the layouts from their ancestors. Everything about Qashqai rugs, from their materials and texture to their design and patterns, is what makes it one of the most gorgeous rugs on the market.
6. Bokhara Rugs
Characterized by their repeating rows of guls and geometrical patterns, Bokhara rugs are a highly original Oriental rug that was initially made by nomadic tribes and eventually crafted in Pakistan. These hand-knotted rugs usually feature classic colours of brown, red and navy, and possess a lovely plush look and feel. Even though Bokhara rugs incorporate the same design elements, no two rugs are exactly the same because of the widely varying guls, background colours, colour combinations, and hand-knotting methods that are used in the construction of each rug.